Date:21.02.2017, 09:58 Taipei: n.p., n.d. d) Frequently, page numbers are not printed on some pages in magazines and journals. Where page numbers may be counted or guessed accurately, count the pages and indicate the page number or numbers. E) If the city is well known, it is not necessary to add the State or Province after it, e.g.: Boston: Chicago: London: New York: Paris: Tokyo: Toronto: f) If the city or town is not well known, or if there is a chance that the name of the city or town may create confusion, add the abbreviated letters for. Top of page The Sections of the Paper Most journal-style scientific papers are subdivided into the following sections: Title, Authors and Affiliation, Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments, and Literature Cited, which parallel the experimental process. See Chapter 13. USA and Canada - Abbreviations of States, Provinces, and Territories. Example: Austin, TX: Englewood Cliffs, NJ: London, ON: Medicine Hat, AB: g) Use "n.p." to indicate that no place of publication is given.
Salt is ususally unnecessary in reactions of -unsubstituted geminal diesters, but is often important in reactions of -monosubstituted diesters. Added inorganic salt is essential in reactions of,-disubstituted geminal diesters. The scope of the reaction extends to activated esters bearing electron-withdrawing groups other than esters at the -position.